Ramadhan(رمضان); The month of Quran

Increasing the recitation of the Quran in the month of ramadhan(رمضان):

The Quran’s deep relationship with the month of Ramadhan (رمضان) is not hidden from anyone. It’s revelation upon the sacred heart of the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] began in this month and no one was more aware of this link than the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] himself!

The relationship between the Quran and this month is evident from this statement of the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] narrated by Abdullah bin Umar [radi allah anho]:

“The Fast and the Quran will both intercede for the servant on the day of Qiyaamah. The Fast will plead “O Lord, I prevented him from food and desires during the day.” The Quran will plead “I prevented him from sleep at night.”

(Musnad Ahmad)

Even though reciting the Quran was his norm throughout the year he would increase his recitation during this month. And though he always recited a great deal of Quran in his Nawaafil and Tahajjud of ordinary nights in the nights of Ramadhan (رمضان) his recitation would be longer. The Prophet’s close companion Syeduna Khuzayfa [radi allah anho] describes the recitation in Ramadhan (رمضان):

“One night in Ramadhan (رمضان) I had the honour of praying with him, he recited Surah Baqarah, then Aal e Imran and then An Nisaa. When he reached the verses of fearing Allah he would supplicate to Allah. The Prophet had not completed two Rakahs when Bilaal [radi allah anho] called the Adhaan for Fajar.”

(Musnad Ahmad)

In other words the recitation lasted the whole night. Imam Ibn Hajar Makki explains the link between Ramadhan (رمضان) and the Quran:

The Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] would lengthen, over the other nights, his recitation of the Quran in the night prayers of Ramadhan (رمضان).”

(Athaaf Ahl ul Islaam)

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The Prophet would recite to others the whole Quran in Ramadhan (رمضان):

Syeduna Abdullah bin Maasood had the honour of hearing the whole Quran from the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam‎] every Ramadhan (رمضان). And in the last year he heard it twice!

Syeduna Abdullah bin Abbaas was asked whose recitation was the best, he replied:

“The recitation of Abdullah bin Masood because the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam‎] would recite the Quran to him once every Ramadhan (رمضان) and twice in the year of his passing.”

(Ibn Saad)

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The Prophet would listen to the recitation of the Quran:

Abdullah bin Masood also has the honour of having the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam‎] listen to his own recitationof the Quran. It is narrated by Bukhaari and Muslim from Abdullah bin Masood [radi allah anho]:

“The Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam‎] asked me to recite to him the Quran. I pleaded “(How can I) Recite to you when the Quran was revealed upon you!?” He replied:

“Verily I love to hear it from others.” I recited Surah An Nisa and when I recited the verse “And what time will it be…” he said

“That is enough.”

When I looked towards his blessed face his eyes were moist with tears.”

Revision of the Quran with Jibraeel:

The Prophet’s recitation of the Quran in Ramadhan (رمضان) was such that even Jibraeel would leave Sidra tu’l Muntahaa every night and come to the Prophet’s room. On arrival Jibraeel would recite to the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] the parts of the Quran revealed between that and the previous Ramadhan (رمضان). Then the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam‎] would recite the same back to Jibraeel. It is narrated from Abdullah bin Abbaas [radi allah anho]:

“Jibraeel would meet him every night in Ramadhan (رمضان) and revise the Quran with him.”

(Bukhaari, book of Sawm)

Other narrations have the following words:

“Jibraeel would come every year and revise with him the parts of the Quran revealed between that and the previous Ramadhan (رمضان).”

(Fath ul Baari)

Two revisions in the last Ramadhan (رمضان):

Although Jibraeel would revise the Quraan with him once every Ramadhan (رمضان), in the Ramadhan (رمضان) of the year of his passing he revised it twice with him. Umm ul Momineen Syeda Aisha [radi allah anha] narrates that in the year of his passing away the Prophet [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam‎] said to me:

“Verily Jibraeel used to revise the Quran with me once each year but this year he revised it with me twice.”

(Ibn Saad)

 

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